Jul 09, 2022

The Importance of Finding the Right Bit for Your Horse

A selection of the bits available in Liz Halliday-Sharp's tack room. Photo courtesy of Liz Halliday-Sharp

This story first appeared in the June 2022 issue of Sidelines Magazine.

Anyone who knows me is aware that I have a slight obsession with bits. I like to say, “Some women buy shoes; I buy bits.” I should bring a chaperone if I’m heading to a store with a wide assortment of bits—so I don’t come home with an expensive selection of new ones. While the addiction is real, it has also served me well through the years as I’ve managed to help many horses improve by finding them a bit that they’re more comfortable in.

Horses are individuals just like us, so why should we assume that they would all like the same bit? The world of bitting is vast, so my goal here is to try and give a few basic, important pointers to help you on your way to finding the best fit for your horse. Here are a few common indicators that your horse might not be happy with what’s in his mouth, and things to try:

Your horse is opening his mouth and pulling the tongue up and/or out, flipping his head, or similar. In this situation, my first thought would be that the horse is looking for a bit with some tongue relief. A good option for this is the Bomber Happy Tongue or any other various ported bits that make room for the tongue. As a side note, it’s important to know your horse’s mouth and to look inside regularly to make sure that there are no rubs or sores in places that could be making them fussy in the contact. Many warmblood horses, for instance, have fleshy mouths and bigger tongues, which can make them more prone to getting pinched.

Your horse is too light in the bridle and is reluctant to take the contact. He might also be curling behind the vertical and feels behind the leg and nervous to take a contact forward. In this case, I would go to something very soft like a Nathe straight bar snaffle and see if the horse is more inclined to take a feel of the bit. If this is an improvement, it might also be useful to try different noseband options or remove the flash and use just a cavesson to see if this further improves things.

Your horse is leaning onto one rein, feels “wooden” in the bridle, is maybe pulling down and dragging you and is generally strong to ride. If this is an issue on the flat, then there are a few bitting options I would recommend trying that many horses accept and find comfortable but also respect. I like the locking bits such as the Sprenger MAX-Control bit or similar as a first choice. I also find that sometimes going to a bit with a roller on it, or something that moves or swivels, will help with the leaning. These are often good options rather than just choosing something thinner/sharper that could cut the horse’s mouth if he pulls. For situations like this in jumping, I would first try a cherry roller (this bit has a simple snaffle mouthpiece but has rollers on it so the horse can’t grab on) and then if this doesn’t work, I would next try a Waterford. The Waterford is a slightly stronger bit that has multiple moving parts so they can’t find one piece to lean on, and it’s very effective on many horses.

If your horse needs slightly more than a snaffle bit, there are hundreds of different options that incorporate poll pressure, leverage and more. It can be pretty overwhelming if you’re not sure what you’re looking for! As a general rule, if your horse is getting too hollow or pulling you with the nose out, a pelham might be a good bit to try (always start with a soft cover over the chain to begin with). For those that get too low and strong, a running gag or a two/three ring or universal gag could be a good choice. With all of these options, I would start with a mouthpiece that the horse likes or choose something softer rather than stronger while you’re increasing leverage and control. It’s important to remember that these bits are much stronger than your standard snaffles, so if you don’t have much experience with these, it would be useful to get advice from your trainer or someone who has used them before.

Choosing a bit can seem overwhelming, but if you listen to your horse and make an effort to find something they like, you can really improve your partnership going forward.

Dec 02, 2022 Sponsor

Ride iQ Renews Partnership with the USEA

The United States Eventing Association, Inc. (USEA) is pleased to announce the return of an official USEA Educational Collaborator, Ride iQ. Ride iQ is a mobile app that allows riders to take audio lessons with top coaches while they ride, an opportunity that hasn’t existed before. In 2023, the USEA will partner with the company to offer exclusive content in collaboration with the USEA’s Eventing Coaches Program (ECP) and the EA21 program, as well as creating other unique educational opportunities.

Dec 02, 2022 Sponsor

STRIDER Returns as USEA Educational Partner

The United States Eventing Association (USEA) is delighted to announce a renewed partnership with STRIDER for 2023. STRIDER will return as an ‘Official USEA Educational Partner’ to enable unique educational benefits and professional opportunities for eventing enthusiasts.

Dec 01, 2022 Convention

Rebecca Farm Returns as Gold Sponsor of the 2022 USEA Annual Meeting & Convention

The United States Eventing Association, Inc. (USEA) is pleased to announce the renewed partnership with Rebecca Farm, as they return as a Gold Level Sponsor of the 2022 USEA Annual Meeting & Convention and the Official Sponsor of the Annual Meeting continental breakfast. The 2022 Annual Meeting & Convention will take place next week on December 7-11 at the Hyatt Regency Savannah Hotel in Savannah, Georgia.

Dec 01, 2022 Convention

USEA Announces Event Riders and Officials Town Hall at Convention

The United States Eventing Association (USEA) is pleased to announce that the Eventing Riders Association of North America (ERAofNA) and Eventing Licensed Officials Committee (ELOC) will be hosting a very special Town Hall forum at the 2022 USEA Annual Meeting and Convention next week. This year’s Annual Meeting and Convention will be held at the Hyatt Regency Savannah Hotel in Savannah, Georgia across December 7-11, and will also include the USEA’s Eventing Hall of Fame gala and celebration.

Official Corporate Sponsors of the USEA

Official Joint Therapy Treatment of the USEA

Official Feed of the USEA

Official Saddle of the USEA

Official Real Estate Partner of the USEA

Official Equine Insurance of the USEA

Official Forage of the USEA

Official Supplement Feeding System of the USEA

Official Outerwear of the USEA

Official Competition & Training Apparel of the USEA